CBSE CLASS VI CIVICS CHAPTER 4

CLASS VI CIVICS CHAPTER 4

CHAPTER 4: – KEY ELEMENTS OF DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT

ORGANS OF GOVERNMENT

LEGISLATURE (to make laws)
JUDICIARY (to settle dispute)
EXECUTIVE (to enforce laws)

Types of Government

  1. Monarchy
  2. The head of the country is a king or a queen.
  3. It is hereditary which means, when the ruler dies, the throne is taken over by the son or daughter.
  4. This type of government is seen in countries such as Bhutan and Saudi Arabia.
  5. It is the traditional monarchy in which the monarch has the supreme power.
  6. UK has constitutional monarchy as the democratic government limits the power of the monarch here.
  7. Dictatorship
  8. Here, all the powers rest in the hands of one person or a small group of people.
  9. Such power is often obtained by force.
  10. People who challenge a dictator are punished.
  11. This government rarely gives freedom to the people.
  12. Democracy
  13. It is a form of government of the people, by the people and for the people.
  14. it allows people to choose their representatives among themselves through an election process.
  15. The elected representatives are given the rights to form the government.
  16. This government gives all basic rights to the people.

The Suffragette Movement

  • This movement refers to the women’s struggle to vote especially in the entire Europe and USA.
  • Suffrage usually means right to vote.
  • During the movement, the suffragettes chained themselves to railings in public places. Many of them were imprisoned and went on hunger strikes.
  • As a result, women got the voting right to vote in USA and in UK in 1928.
  • In India, the first general elections, held in 1952, were based on the principle of Universal Adult Franchise.

The Anti – Apartheid Struggle

  • This refers to the struggle against racial segregation in South Africa.
  • Here people were divided into white, black, Indian and coloured races.
  • In 1991, President F.W. de Klerk abolished apartheid laws by changing the constitution.
  • In 1994, South Africa became a democratic country.
  • Elections were held in that years and Nelson Mandela became the first black president of South Africa.

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