CBSE CLASS VI CIVICS CHAPTER 4
CLASS VI CIVICS CHAPTER 4
CHAPTER 4: – KEY ELEMENTS OF DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT
ORGANS OF GOVERNMENT
|LEGISLATURE (to make laws)|
|JUDICIARY (to settle dispute)|
|EXECUTIVE (to enforce laws)|
Types of Government
- The head of the country is a king or a queen.
- It is hereditary which means, when the ruler dies, the throne is taken over by the son or daughter.
- This type of government is seen in countries such as Bhutan and Saudi Arabia.
- It is the traditional monarchy in which the monarch has the supreme power.
- UK has constitutional monarchy as the democratic government limits the power of the monarch here.
- Here, all the powers rest in the hands of one person or a small group of people.
- Such power is often obtained by force.
- People who challenge a dictator are punished.
- This government rarely gives freedom to the people.
- It is a form of government of the people, by the people and for the people.
- it allows people to choose their representatives among themselves through an election process.
- The elected representatives are given the rights to form the government.
- This government gives all basic rights to the people.
The Suffragette Movement
- This movement refers to the women’s struggle to vote especially in the entire Europe and USA.
- Suffrage usually means right to vote.
- During the movement, the suffragettes chained themselves to railings in public places. Many of them were imprisoned and went on hunger strikes.
- As a result, women got the voting right to vote in USA and in UK in 1928.
- In India, the first general elections, held in 1952, were based on the principle of Universal Adult Franchise.
The Anti – Apartheid Struggle
- This refers to the struggle against racial segregation in South Africa.
- Here people were divided into white, black, Indian and coloured races.
- In 1991, President F.W. de Klerk abolished apartheid laws by changing the constitution.
- In 1994, South Africa became a democratic country.
- Elections were held in that years and Nelson Mandela became the first black president of South Africa.