CBSE CLASS VI CIVICS CHAPTER 3

CLASS VI CIVICS CHAPTER 3

CHAPTER 3: – WHAT IS GOVERNMENT?

Introduction

            A government is a group of people that manage the country. It is a body of people that frame policies and exercise control through various organisations and laws. The word Government is derived from the Latin word ‘gubernare’ meaning to govern or to manage.

Functions of Government

  • It undertakes social welfare programmes to remove poverty, unemployment, discrimination and illiteracy.
  • It maintains law and order.
  • It maintains peaceful relations with neighbouring countries.
  • It protects our international borders.
  • It organises relief work and gives help by giving food, shelter and health services during natural calamity.
  • It builds and maintains roads, sewage disposal system, hospitals etc.

Different Levels of Government

            In a huge country like India, it is not possible for a single government to effectively govern the entire country. So, to solve this problem, government performs at various levels such as: –

  1. National Level à It is called national/central/union government. This level of government works for the entire country. It is the highest level of government.
  2. State Level à It is called state government. It works in an entire state. Every state has a state government.
  3. Local Level à It is also called the local  self-government. It works in villages, towns or districts.

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